Intermittent fasting: How to get started?

Intermittent fasting is a popular eating pattern that involves alternating periods of fasting and eating. If you are interested in trying intermittent fasting, here are 6 steps to get started:

Step 1. Choose a fasting schedule:

There are several intermittent fasting schedules to choose from, such as the 16/8 method (fasting for 16 hours and eating within an 8-hour window) or the 5:2 method (eating normally for five days and restricting calories for two non-consecutive days). Choose a schedule that fits your lifestyle and preferences.

Step 2. Start gradually:

If you are new to intermittent fasting, start gradually by increasing the length of your fasting period gradually. For example, you could start with a 12-hour fast and gradually increase it to 16 hours.

Step 3. Stay Hydrated:

Make sure to drink plenty of water during your fasting periods to stay hydrated and reduce hunger.

Step 4. Eat healthy foods during your eating periods

To get the most out of intermittent fasting, make sure to eat healthy, nutrient-dense foods during your eating periods. Avoid processed foods and focus on whole foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.

Step 5. Be consistent:

Consistency is key with intermittent fasting. Stick to your chosen schedule and don’t give up if it takes a few days to adjust. Remember that intermittent fasting may not work for everyone, and it’s essential to listen to your body and adjust your fasting schedule as needed.

Step 6. Consult with a healthcare professional: 

If you have any underlying health conditions, are pregnant or breastfeeding, or are taking any medications, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before starting intermittent fasting. Remember, intermittent fasting can be a safe and effective way to improve your health and manage your weight. However, it’s essential to approach it with caution, listen to your body, and make adjustments as needed.


What are the benefits of intermittent fasting?

Intermittent fasting has several potential health benefits, including:

Weight loss:

By reducing overall calorie intake, intermittent fasting can lead to weight loss over time.

Improved insulin sensitivity

Intermittent fasting may improve the body’s ability to use insulin, which can lead to lower blood sugar levels and a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes.

Reduced inflammation:

Some studies suggest that intermittent fasting can help reduce inflammation in the body, which is linked to several chronic diseases.

Increased autophagy:

Autophagy is a natural process in which the body breaks down and recycles old or damaged cells. Some research suggests that intermittent fasting may increase autophagy, which may have a number of health benefits.

Improved heart health:

Intermittent fasting may help improve several risk factors for heart disease, including blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar levels.

What are the downsides of intermittent fasting?

While intermittent fasting can have several health benefits, it may not be suitable for everyone and can have some downsides. Some possible downsides of intermittent fasting include:


  1. Hunger and Cravings: Some people may find it challenging to stick to their fasting schedule and experience hunger and cravings during fasting periods. This can lead to overeating and potentially hinder weight loss goals.

  1. Fatigue and Weakness: During fasting periods, some people may experience fatigue, weakness, and difficulty concentrating. This can impact daily activities and work productivity.

  1. Disordered Eating: For some people, intermittent fasting can trigger disordered eating patterns and lead to an unhealthy relationship with food. This may result in an obsession with food or a tendency to binge eat during eating periods.

  1. Nutrient Deficiencies: Restricting food intake during fasting periods can lead to nutrient deficiencies, particularly if the individual is not consuming nutrient-dense foods during their eating periods. This can negatively impact overall health and wellbeing.

  1. Adverse Effects on Certain Medical Conditions: Intermittent fasting may not be suitable for individuals with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, low blood pressure, or a history of eating disorders. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before starting intermittent fasting to ensure it is safe and suitable for your individual needs and health status.

Overall, intermittent fasting can be a safe and effective eating pattern for some people, but it’s important to weigh the potential benefits against the potential downsides and to speak with a healthcare professional before starting.


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